Culture & Art

The Great Pyramid of Giza: A Door to the Ancients

The Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, is one of the most iconic and mysterious structures in the world. It is a testament to the incredible engineering skill and architectural genius of the ancient Egyptians. Despite its mysteries and unanswered questions, the pyramid remains an important cultural and historical monument even today.

 🛎️ Reminder: Don’t forget to download Piri Guide mobile app to explore the works of famous artists and the museums or cities that house them! 😊

Where is The Great Pyramid of Giza?

The Great Pyramid of Giza is on the Giza plateau in Egypt, on the outskirts of the capital city of Cairo. It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the pyramid complex.

When was The Great Pyramid Built?

The Great Pyramid of Giza was built during the reign of the Pharaoh Khufu, who ruled Egypt during the Fourth Dynasty in the Old Kingdom period. The construction of the pyramid involved tens of thousands of workers, including skilled artisans, architects, and laborers. The Great Pyramid was originally 146 meters (480 feet) tall. However, erosion and the loss of the pyramidion (the top portion of the pyramid) have reduced its height to 138.8 meters (455 feet) today.

Why are the Pyramids Important?

The pyramids have cultural and religious significance. The ancient Egyptians believed in an afterlife, and ancient people designed the pyramids to help the pharaohs achieve immortality. The intricate carvings and hieroglyphs inside the pyramid provide insight into the ancient Egyptian belief system and way of life.

Who Built the First Pyramid?

Sneferu is the first pharaoh to build a pyramid, the Red Pyramid at Dashur.

The Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza A Door to the Ancients - The Great Pyramid of Giza

We’ve mentioned the mystery of the Great Pyramid. Yet, there is definitely more to learn about this mystic spot and the plateau that houses it. If you happen to visit the pyramids, you can download the digital tour guide and audio content app Piri Guide!

The Piri Guide mobile app offers you the best routes, detects your location, and automatically starts telling you the story of wherever you are. All you have to do is put on your headphones or earbuds and follow the route. We have talked about many ancient wonders here, such as the Hanging Gardens, the Colossus of Rhodes, and many others. 

The Construction of the Great Pyramid

The construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza is an engineering feat that has puzzled experts for centuries. So, how long did it take to build such an engineering wonder as the Great Pyramid of Giza? 

It probably took over 20 years to build, using 2 million blocks of limestone and granite that weigh between 2 and 80 tons each. The blocks were transported from quarries over 500 miles away. The experts believe that the workers used ramps to move the blocks into place.

The pyramid was originally in smooth white limestone, which is not there now. Historians believe that the pyramid was built as a tomb for Pharaoh Khufu, who ruled from 2589 to 2566 BC. Inside the Great Pyramid of Giza, there are three chambers: the King’s Chamber, the Queen’s Chamber, and a subterranean chamber.

The Mysteries of the Great Pyramid

One of the most enduring mysteries of the Great Pyramid is its purpose. Some researchers have suggested that it is not a tomb, and it may have had a more complex function, such as an astronomical observatory or a power plant. These theories are largely unsupported by evidence, but they continue to captivate the public imagination.

Another mystery of the Great Pyramid is the so-called “air shafts” that run through the structure. These shafts are narrow passages that extend from the King’s Chamber and the Queen’s Chamber to the outside of the pyramid. It is not clear what purpose these shafts served, but some researchers have supposed that they may have been for ventilation or to align the pyramid with the stars.

As technology continues to advance, we may learn more about the construction and purpose of the Great Pyramid. But even if its secrets remain shrouded in mystery, the pyramid will always stand as a symbol of the human capacity for innovation and creativity.

The King Khufu

The Great Pyramid of Giza A Door to the Ancients - The King Khufu

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the Pyramid of Khufu, the largest of the three main pyramids on the Giza plateau. Khufu, also known as Cheops, was an ancient Egyptian monarch. He was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty, succeeding his father Sneferu as king. 

Khufu ruled over ancient Egypt for more than two decades. Almost immediately after ascending to the throne, he began the construction of the Pyramid of Khufu. While much of what is known about Khufu is based on inscriptions at Giza. Additional information, on the other hand, comes from later documents that Greek historians wrote more than 2,000 years after Khufu’s death.

Before you leave, we have a recommendation for you! If you desire to explore wonders of art, you can read the mysterious Girl with a Pearl Earring.

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